What is Neurontin?

Neurontin is an anticonvulsant medicine designed to treat seizures of epilepsy and other diseases, as well as nerve pain, caused by the chickenpox, and postherpetic neuralgia, a type of nerve pain caused by herpes.

Other names of this medicine are Fanatex, Nupentin and Gaborone.

Some doctors consider it to be useful in treatment of bipolar disorder. However, this use has not been researched, and it is not approved officially.

Though such application of Neurontin is not illegal, it can be dangerous in some cases.

Neurontin exists in forms of 100 mg, 300 mg and 400 mg capsules, 600 mg and 800 mg tablets, as well as 250 mg oral solution with a measuring device meant for 5 ml of gabapentin.

What do I need to know before taking Neurontin?

In case of any type of seizures, or nerve pain, caused by any disease, all patients would like to take Neurontin to get relief of symptoms.

But in the case if you have gotten your doctor’s prescription for this medicine, there is some important information necessary to know before starting use of Neurontin.


Neurontin can be recommended for children from 3 to 12 years old. However, this drug is not recommended for children’s nerve pain treatment.

Besides, children can get central nervous system side effects, such as

  • hostility or other form of aggressive behavior;
  • thought disorder, for examples, changes in school performance or concentration problems;
  • hyperactivity or restlessness.

If you mention any of these signs in your child’s behavior, tell your doctor about it immediately.


Neurontin can cause drowsiness or dizziness. If you are not sure about the effect of Neurontin to you, don’t drive nor perform any hazardous tasks until you understand your body reaction to the medicine.


In case of nerve pain, caused by shingles, usually starting dose in increasing while the initiation of treatment: the first day it would make 300 mg, the second day 600 mg, the third day 900 mg. Your doctor will give you detailed instructions, please, follow them properly.

Pregnant and breast-feeding women

There is no information about the effect of Neurontin to an unborn or newborn baby; that’s why if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or if you are going to become pregnant, tell it to your doctor before taking Neurontin.

Other medications

Other drugs can increase, decrease or alter the effect of Neurontin.

If you are taking any medicine from the list below, check it with your doctor:

  • morphine;
  • antacids containing magnesium and aluminium;
  • naproxen;
  • hydrocodone.

This list is not complete; that’s why tell to your doctor about all medicines and supplements you take.

If two drugs interact with each other, your doctor could want you to stop taking one of them, either he will change the dosage.

Alcohol, caffeine and nicotine from cigarettes

Gabapentin may cause alcohol intolerance, and lead to unpleasant symptoms after taking alcohol, such as redness of face, headache, nausea, palpitation.

That’s why avoid drinking alcohol while taking Neurontin. Even caffeine and nicotine can affect the action of Neurontin. That’s why if you smoke of take caffeine in any forms, let your doctor know it.

What are the possible risks of Neurontin taking?

Neurontin increases risks of depression, suicidal thoughts, changes in mood and behavior. If you notice any signs of these symptoms, contact your doctor without any delay.

If you are allergic to any drugs, just inform your doctor about it before taking Neurontin. Besides, tell your doctor about your past mental and mood problems, if you ever had suicidal thoughts, or if you have kidney, heart or liver disease.

Besides, inform your doctor if you prefer sleeping at day or if you work at night.

What else do I need to know about Neurontin?

Take Neurontin exactly as it is prescribed, and at the same time each day. Don’t stop taking Neurontin without seeing your doctor.

The dose should be decreased slowly during not less than a week. If you stop taking Neurontin suddenly, it could cause seizures.

Follow your Neurontin dose taking schedule accurately, and refill your stock of the pills, capsules or solution in beforehand.

Never let your Neurontin stock run out.

Neurontin can cause side effects, such as

  • back pain,
  • diarrhea,
  • fever,
  • hostility,
  • nausea without or with vomiting,
  • tiredness,
  • sleeping,
  • shaking or tremor,
  • weakness,
  • swelling on hand and feet.

If you notice any side effects, call your doctor immediately. Don’t stop taking Neurontin; don’t reduce the dose without the doctor’s consultation.

If you missed a dose of Neurontin, take it as soon as possible. But if it is about a time to take the next one, just skip the one you missed and continue your regular schedule. Don’t take a double dose of Neurontin.

If you take antacids as well, wait 2 hours after taking antacids before taking Neurontin.

Neurontin capsules and tablets could be stored by room temperature. Oral solution requires storage in refrigerator.

If you take antacids as well, wait 2 hours after taking antacids before taking Neurontin.

Neurontin capsules and tablets could be stored by room temperature. Oral solution requires storage in refrigerator.